Background of carbonite
  Han Solo is frozen in carbonite in Empire Strikes Back (1980). Carbon freezing had never been tested on humans before, and Darth Vader wanted to test if humans could survive the process. If so, he planned to freeze his son Luke Skywalker later.

Suspended Animation
The carbon freezing process leaves the host in suspended animation. Suspended animation is a common technique found in science fiction including in the novel and 1968 movie 2001: A Space Odyssey (the astronauts are placed in hibernation), and the television series Lost in Space.

Preserving the Body

Carbon freezing is a way of preserving the body, a technique that dates back to ancient civilizations such as the Egyptians who preserved the bodies of many of their rulers and citizens through the mummification process.
  Han Solo in Carbonite
Han Solo frozen in carbonite

King Tut
King Tut, who's death mask is pictured above, is one of the most well known mummies.

 Appears in the Following Films
  Return of the Jedi (1983)
Empire Strikes Back


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